Phrases with "former"

Thomas Paine The former is generally known by the name of republic; the latter by that of monarchy and aristocracy. The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine [1791]

Charles Stur On the 6th I left the neighbourhood of this place, and stopped at 16 miles to verify our former bearings. Narrative of an expedition into Central Australia by Charles Stur

Anna Katherine Green But her fears on this score were few, and she felt about with hand and foot till the former struck the rail at her side, and the latter the narrow planking spanning the gorge. The Mystery of the Hasty Arrow by Anna Katherine Green

Francis Bacon The former of these seemeth scarcely a part of knowledge, consisting rather of diligence than of any artificial erudition. The Advancement of Learning by Francis Bacon [1605]

Theodore Dreiser Cowperwood did so, The former adjusted the weights and scanned the record carefully. The Financier by Theodore Dreiser

Miles Franklin Dick Melvyn of Bruggabrong was not recognizable in Dick Melvyn, dairy farmer and cocky of Possum Gully. The former had been a man worthy of the name. My Brilliant Career by Miles Franklin

The former of these, in various forms, adamas, adamant, aimant, yman, and piedramon, has gone into many languages. On the Magnet by William Gilber

Anthony Trollope Will he turn out to have had a wife and family in former ages? I have no doubt old Scarborough could manage it, but I don’t give my uncle credit for so much cleverness. Mr. Scarborough's Family by Anthony Trollope [1883]

Watkin Tench The former was ever meek and feminine, the latter fierce and unsubmissive. A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson by Watkin Tench

Jonathan Swif My humble service to Mrs. Walls and Mrs. Stoyte; I missed the former a good while. The Journal to Stella by Jonathan Swif

Andrew Lang Some handsome pillars still stood amongst the heaps of ruins, and several rooms, which yet remained in fair preservation, gave evidence of former splendour. The Green Fairy Book by Andrew Lang

George Meredith Clara was the former to him, Laetitia the latter. The Egoist by George Meredith [1879]

Elizabeth Gaskell He believes that he can induce her to resume the former footing. Wives and Daughters by Elizabeth Gaskell [1865]

Wilkie Collins I took Pesca’s acknowledgment of the receipt of my letter out of my pocket-book, handed it to him at arm’s length, and returned to my former position in front of the fireplace. The Woman in White by Wilkie Collins [1860]

My former friends looked on me askance, as if some freakish changeling had possessed me. No-Man’s-Land by John Buchan [1899]

Anthony Trollope But the archdeacon had, on a former occasion, received proof of the obstinacy with which Mr. Harding could adhere to his own views in opposition to the advice of all his friends. Barchester Towers by Anthony Trollope

H. G. Wells Those former Utopists were bitterly against gold. A Modern Utopia by H. G. Wells [1905]

One of the first objects which I had in view for the furtherance of my plan of escape was to obtain possession of the money which was sewed in the padding of my former master’s turban. The Adventures of Hajji Baba of Ispahan by James Justinian Morier

He was a good workman, and with his better habits he recovered his former extensive and profitable employment. The Purcell Papers by J. Sheridan Le Fanu

Drayton, in fact, who had once before stopped at this identical hotel, could have sworn that even the furnishings were the same as upon his former visit. The Heads of Cerberus by Francis Stevens

James Hogg I confess it freely, and believe it was a judgment from heaven inflicted on her for some sin of former days, and that I had no power to have acted otherwise towards her than I did. The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner by James Hogg [1824]

Walter Scott Knowing it would be to no purpose to resist or tamper with that stubborn functionary, I obeyed in silence, and was once more a prisoner in my former quarters. Redgauntlet by Walter Scott [1824]

Her former lover had been one of the first victims of the disease. The Last Man by Mary Shelley

T. E. Lawrence The former natural awe and supremacy of the Turkish name began to fade in the face of wider comparison. Seven Pillars of Wisdom by T. E. Lawrence [1926]

George Gissing The former sat in helpless astonishment, gazing about her; Emily had hardened her face. A Life's Morning by George Gissing [1885]

Already the old man’s former track was obliterated, and he seemed uncertain as to which way he should go. Tales of Soldiers and Civilians by Ambrose Bierce

Francis Bacon Of which ways the two former require a knowledge of consents, the third a knowledge of the measurement of motions. The New Organon by Francis Bacon [1620]

Our former discourse Lucius neither reprehended nor approved, but, sitting silent and musing, gave us the hearing. Symposiacs by Plutarch

Her frank acknowledgment of her poverty, coupled with the fact of her father’s former wealth and grandeur, perhaps enabled her to do this. Eleanor's Victory by Mary Elizabeth Braddon [1863]

The former was particularly interesting in the springtime, when the snow had melted, and after the rain had washed the street pavements clean. My Childhood by Maksim Gorky

Algernon Blackwood It was not often a former pupil returned to visit them in this simple, unaffected way. John Silence by Algernon Blackwood

Percy Bysshe Shelley The difference between the two former was never alleged as an argument for the eternal permanence of either, in that form under which they first might offer themselves to our notice. A Defence of Poetry and other essays by Percy Bysshe Shelley

The uniform is the same for cavalry and infantry throughout the service; the only difference being that the former wear short black riding boots, and the latter, Zouave gaiters of white linen. A Thousand Miles up the Nile by Amelia B. Edwards [1877]

This latter was to continue unabated: whether the former was to increase, to maintain itself, or slacken must be, to some extent of course, matter of opinion. The English Novel by George Saintsbury [1913]

Oliver Goldsmith He by no means wants sense, which only serves to aggravate his former folly. The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith

Anthony Trollope In a former chapter I have alluded to this more at length, stating circumstances, and in some cases giving the names of the persons charged with offenses. North America by Anthony Trollope

Thomas Hardy Her former rival, also a widow now, but fairly well provided for, offered for pity’s sake to take the child as errand-boy, small as he was, her own son, Jack, being hard upon seventeen. Life’s Little Ironies by Thomas Hardy

The rumour was to be put about that I agreed to Dericka marrying Morgan, and then Mrs. Krent was to announce the former marriage. The Crowned Skull by Fergus Hume

Richard Burton The former is compound of Radix China Qrient, with gum mastich and sugar-candy, equal parts; about a dram of this compound is taken once a day, early in the morning. Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah and Meccah by Richard Burton

Percy Bysshe Shelley Utility may either express the means of producing the former or the latter. A Defence of Poetry and other essays by Percy Bysshe Shelley

Mr. Pope tells me that I am dead, and that this obnoxiousness is the reward for my inoffensiveness in my former life. The Life and Letters of John Gay by Lewis Melville

Arthur Conan Doyle It was a relief to be free of any fear of wounding the susceptibilities of either of my former lovers. Our Derby Sweepstakes by Arthur Conan Doyle

Olaf Stapledon Our former colonies know well that you will attack them sooner or later. Collected Stories by Olaf Stapledon

Wilkie Collins He had never done this on former occasions; he could not tell why he did it now. Hide and Seek by Wilkie Collins [1854]

At sight of him the former cried, “Here he is. The Cloister and the Hearth by Charles Reade

The three principal traders when we were here for hides in the Pilgrim and Alert are still among the chief traders of the place — Stearns, Temple, and Warner, the two former being reputed very rich. Two Years Before the Mast by Richard Henry Dana [1840]

Jean-Jacques Rousseau But if great princes are rare, how much more so are great legislators? The former have only to follow the pattern which the latter have to lay down. The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Sir Walter Scott But what say you to his present practice, my lord, on the stage? for there lies the point, and not in any ways touching his former errors, in breaking parks, or the other follies you speak of. Kenilworth by Sir Walter Scott [1821]

I’ve been here many times in former years, and I’m still no wiser than on the first occasion. The Haunted Woman by David Lindsay [1922]

This bend was in former days the terminus of canoe travel up stream. Two Trips to Gorilla Land and the Cataracts of the Congo by Richard F. Burton [1876]

Benjamin Disraeli They protested as strongly against the present system as its promulgators had protested against the former one, and they revenged themselves for their grievances by breaking the shop-windows. The Voyage of Captain Popanilla by Benjamin Disraeli [1828]

The Countess del V——e, whose father was shot in a former revolution, had just risen this morning, when a shell entered the wall close by the side of her bed, and burst in the mattress. Life in Mexico by Frances Calderon de la Barca [1843]

Wilkie Collins Her hair had certainly turned grey since the period when Valentine first met her at the circus; but the good-humored face beneath was just as hearty to look at now, as ever it had been in former days. Hide and Seek by Wilkie Collins [1854]

Wilkie Collins I wished to speak to my former friend, unseen, and made the appointment accordingly. Basil by Wilkie Collins [1852]

Oliver Goldsmith It now only remained that my gratitude in good fortune should exceed my former submission in adversity. The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith

Jules Verne Their former dwelling was not, however, to be entirely abandoned, for the engineer intended to make a manufactory of it for important works. The Mysterious Island by Jules Verne [1874]

Edward Bellamy From among the former heads of departments who may be eligible at the time, the President is elected by vote of all the men of the nation who are not connected with the industrial army. Looking Backward From 2000 to 1887 by Edward Bellamy

John Lewis Burckhard Near Hadjalye, are the ruins of an ancient village, built with stone; and in the Wady are traces of former cultivation. Travels in Arabia by John Lewis Burckhard

Charles Stur The former was originally built of wood, and may be said to be coeval with the colony itself. An account of the sea coast and interior of South Australia by Charles Stur

William Makepeace Thackeray In former days you allowed me to whisper my passion to you unrestrained; at present you drive me from your door, leave my letters unanswered, and prefer another to me. The Memoires of Barry Lyndon by William Makepeace Thackeray [1852]

Nathaniel Hawthorne The former feeling, indeed, was general throughout the village. Fanshawe by Nathaniel Hawthorne [1826]

Sir Walter Scott He therefore made a virtue of necessity, and transmitted orders to his lieutenant to convey Edward to Doune, which was safely accomplished in the mode mentioned in a former chapter. Waverley by Sir Walter Scott [1829]

William Makepeace Thackeray The former writer insinuates that the mine must have been. The Irish Sketch Book by William Makepeace Thackeray [1843]

Edith Wharton If he refused to accompany Harry Spink, a former friend and fellow-worker, it might look like running away from his questions . Here and Beyond by Edith Wharton [1926]

Francis Bacon The schoolmen and common opinion deal only with the former desire. The New Organon by Francis Bacon [1620]

Florence Dixie The former was Ruthven, Earl of Wrathness ; the latter, Harold Darrell, his cousin. Redeemed in Blood by Florence Dixie [1889]

Jules Verne He missed the former animation, movement, and life in the well-worked pit. The Underground City by Jules Verne [1877]

This plan of Cain is being put into operation by our common enemies, the oppressors, the privileged classes-generals, bankers, landlords, former officials, former servants of the Tsar. . Ten Days That Shook the World by John Reed

Joseph Furphy Now Runnymede owned the selection, whilst its former occupier was vending sixpenny parcels of inferior fruit on a railway platform. Such is Life by Joseph Furphy

Henry Fielding These, Mr. Robinson informed him, were father and daughter; that the latter was committed for stealing a loaf, in order to support the former, and the former for receiving it, knowing it to be stolen. Amelia by Henry Fielding

Edgar Rice Burroughs One of the men remembered me from the occasion of my former visit to the island; he was extremely agree-able the moment that he came close enough to recognize me. Pellucidar by Edgar Rice Burroughs [1923]

The former seemed in excellent spirits, the latter scarcely so happy. ’Long Live the King!’ by Guy Boothby [1900]

Washington Irving Though the warlike disposition of his predecessors had much impaired the family possessions, yet the baron still endeavored to keep up some show of former state. The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon by Washington Irving

Wilkie Collins He pointed peremptorily to me to go back to my former place, but did not return to his own chair. Basil by Wilkie Collins [1852]

Jeremy Bentham The former of these propositions is undeniable: the latter, I deny. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham

How beautiful! how pathetic was this dénouement! His former admiration for Charles was increased a thousand-fold. Sir Charles Danvers by Mary Cholmondeley [1889]

H. G. Wells All my former ways ceased, all my old vistas became memories. Tono Bungay by H. G. Wells [1909]

Elizabeth Gaskell Besides, Molly,’ it was the old familiar Roger of former days who spoke now, ‘I think you could help us at home. Wives and Daughters by Elizabeth Gaskell [1865]

In the shadow of a tent the former was awaiting him. Twenty Years After by Alexandre Dumas [1845]

Elizabeth Gaskell Whoever visited my lady took their meals with her, sitting on the dais, in the presence of all my former companions. My Lady Ludlow by Elizabeth Gaskell [1858]

Anthony Trollope And it was not true that Mr. Moss had sent that abominable message to Rachel. The message, no doubt, had expressed a former wish on his part; but that wish was now in abeyance. The Landleaguers by Anthony Trollope [1883]

Thomas Paine The instance of France under the former Government shows that it is impossible to compel the payment of taxes by force, when a whole nation is determined to take its stand upon that ground. The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine [1791]

Jules Verne Michael Strogoff knew from former experience what a storm in the mountains was, and perhaps this would be as terrible as the snowstorms which burst forth with such vehemence in the winter. Michael Strogoff by Jules Verne [1876]

Ethel had entirely recovered her health, and more than her former beauty. Lodore by Mary Shelley

Besides, it was said that in former years they had been rival suitors of the same lady. Shirley by Charlotte Bronte [1849]

James Joyce Hray! Free rogue Mountone till Dew Mild Well to corry awen and glowry! Are now met by Brownaboy Fuinnninuinn’s former for a lyncheon partyng of his burgherbooh. Finnegans Wake by James Joyce

Anne Bronte The former glanced at Walter’s flushed, excited countenance, and then at mine — a little flushed and excited too, I daresay, though from far different causes. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall by Anne Bronte [1848]

Edgar Allan Poe The former I shall behold no more. Tales of Science by Edgar Allan Poe

Once again we see the former crowd; the same faces; the same peasants; the same lawyers; the same mass of spectators, noble and plebeian; the same judge; the same jury. All-Saints' Eve by Amelia B. Edwards

W. H. Hudson But even so, that old fear she had so often spoken of to me in former days was never absent from her heart. El Ombú by W. H. Hudson [1902]

Guy de Maupassan She recognized her as the peasant who had caught her in her arms in the cemetery, and had afterwards put her to bed; but surely she had known her in former times, under other circumstances. Une Vie (A Woman’s Life) by Guy de Maupassan

Wilkie Collins Never, in all Zack’s experience, had any former matches caught flame with such a shrill report, as was produced from the one disastrous match which he happened to select to light his candle with. Hide and Seek by Wilkie Collins [1854]

Anthony Trollope I am sure I hope she will keep it,” he said, trying to remove the bad impression which his former words might perhaps have left. Ayala’s Angel by Anthony Trollope

The detective had appeared so despondent when Mallow called with Caranby that the former thought with some show of reason that he meant what he said. The Secret Passage by Fergus Hume

Ralph Waldo Emerson It dates from itself; — not from former men or better men, — gospel, or constitution, or college, or custom. The Conduct of Life by Ralph Waldo Emerson [1860]

On one side sat the doctor, and on the other an old man, who was kneeling near the bed-head, and in him I recognized my former schoolmaster. The Adventures of Hajji Baba of Ispahan by James Justinian Morier

Herman Melville Besides, who ever heard of a white so far a renegade as to apostatize from his very species almost, by leaguing in against it with negroes? These difficulties recalled former ones. Benito Cereno by Herman Melville

Maria Edgeworth The fame of former conquests still operated in his favour, though he had long since passed his splendid meridian of gallantry. Ormond by Maria Edgeworth

Possibly, in former days, she might have possessed that fleeting attraction called the beaute du diable; but now she looked almost as old as her wretched mother-in-law. Monsieur Lecoq by Émile Gaboriau

My admirer thinks no more of smoking these grave nobles, men of a former generation, who learnt their manners at the court of a serious and august King, than I do of teasing my falcon. London Pride by Mary Elizabeth Braddon [1896]

Alfred Ainger The former were of exquisite raciness. Charles Lamb by Alfred Ainger [1882]

Thomas Paine When in the last, as well as in former wars, the commerce of England sunk, it was because the quantity was lessened everywhere; and it now rises, because commerce is in a rising state in every nation. The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine [1791]

Ivan Turgenev She smiled, not her former smile, but a smile of approbation. First Love by Ivan Turgenev

Charles Dickens Wilding read: “The martyrdom of the Reverend John Harker in New Zealand. Related by a former member of his flock. No Thoroughfare by Charles Dickens [1867]

George Gissing She resumed her former seat, and began to hum a slow air. Thyrza by George Gissing [1887]

It was upon this hill in former days that I first tried to teach John, the black slave of my friend Mr. Edmonstone, the proper way to do birds. Wanderings in South America by Charles Waterton [1825]

Watkin Tench The field between the barrack and the governor’s house contains wheat and maize, both very bad, but the former particularly so. A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson by Watkin Tench

To-day he has all his sedateness and scrupulous attention, but all like a shadow of former time — not a morsel of sententiousness, and seeming positively grateful to be treated in the old fashion. The Heir of Redclyffe by Charlotte M. Yonge [1853]

Benjamin Disraeli George says that all his former works are nothing to what he has written now. Venetia by Benjamin Disraeli [1837]

Augustine Birrell The London clergy had not exhibited great devotion during the former affliction. Andrew Marvell by Augustine Birrell [1905]

It arose from the meeting of Sir Francis Levison and Otway Bethel. The former appeared to have been enjoying a solitary moonlight ramble, and the latter to have encountered him unexpectedly. East Lynne by Ellen Wood [1861]

Tobias Smolle I have, in a former letter, observed that the meal of this grain goes by the name polenta, and makes excellent hasty-pudding, being very nourishing, and counted an admirable pectoral. Travels through France and Italy by Tobias Smolle

Jules Verne L’endroit où ils firent halte était évidé, de manière à former une caverne de médiocre dimension. L’Ile Mystérieuse by Jules Verne [1874]

And what is this job of Martin’s? Is it Martin of the China Kilns, or Martin of the bank? That, too, plainly refers to a former letter — not a word of the sort. Wylder’s Hand by J. Sheridan Le Fanu

James Hogg They were so inferior, in strength and sublimity, to the most common observations of my young friend that in drawing a comparison the former appeared as nothing. The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner by James Hogg [1824]

Henry Handel Richardson The former was brilliantly lighted by three lamps and two candles, and all the sitting-accommodation the house contained was ranged in a semicircle round the grand piano. Maurice Guest by Henry Handel Richardson

Besides, I myself detest Paris, the world, the court, and the Louvre. I wish to be alone with my souvenirs of my happy past; perhaps a little of my former happiness will return to me there. Chicot the Jester by Alexandre Dumas

William W. Story, the American sculptor, would seem to have been a former acquaintance. The Life and Genius of Nathaniel Hawthorne by Frank Preston Stearns [1906]

Two nights after this Pietro Vanucci and Andrea sat waiting supper for Gerard. The former grew peevish. The Cloister and the Hearth by Charles Reade

H. G. Wells That former fight, it seemed, had suddenly dropped out of sound and hearing. When the Sleeper Wakes by H. G. Wells [1899]

Robert Louis Stevenson In the letters of a former nurserymaid — I give her name, Jean Mitchell, honoris causa — we are enabled to feel, even at this distance of time, some of the bitterness of that month of bereavement. Records of a Family of Engineers by Robert Louis Stevenson

The former are a summary of facts; the latter is a summary of feelings. The Circular Study by Anna Katharine Green

Then had followed a business experiment which had proved even more disastrous, and which had left them in debt—in debt to an extent they could never hope to repay, to a good-natured former employer. The Lodger by Marie Belloc Lowndes [1913]

Arthur Conan Doyle The former had flushed up to the roots of his flaxen hair, while the other’s beady eyes glistened with curiosity and resentment. A Study in Scarlet by Arthur Conan Doyle [1887]

Thomas Hobbes Besides, when the sovereign commandeth anything to be done against his own former law, the command, as to that particular fact, is an abrogation of the law. Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes

Smile on the little daisy still, The buttercup’s bright goblet fill With all thy former power. Selections from Poems by Acton Bell by Anne Brontë [1846]

H. G. Wells His former life of research became invested with an effect of immense dignity and of a steadfast singleness of purpose. Marriage by H. G. Wells [1912]

Ann Radcliffe The sun at length appearing, she arose, and, determined to make all the atonement in her power for her former neglect, hastened to the cottage. The Romance of the Forest by Ann Radcliffe [1791]

Sinclair Lewis The contract signed, the advance-man remembered his former newspaper labors, and for a few days became touchingly friendly with all the reporters in town. Elmer Gantry by Sinclair Lewis

H. G. Wells You will discover the only essential difference between savage and civilised is this: The former hasn’t learnt to shirk the truth of things, and the latter has. Love and Mr Lewisham by H. G. Wells [1900]

I could scarcely greet her with any show of pleasure, she was so unlike her former self. The Leavenworth Case by Anna Katharine Green

Walter Scott The former seemed instantly to take upon himself the whole direction of the enterprise. The Abbot by Walter Scott [1820]

Nathaniel Hawthorne Seldom, indeed, was it recalled, even by his closest former intimates. The Blithedale Romance by Nathaniel Hawthorne [1852]

Wilkie Collins May I ask your opinion (now you have read his letter) on another matter, in which my own conduct is concerned? In former days —” She paused, poor soul, in evident confusion and distress. The Black Robe by Wilkie Collins [1881]

Anthony Trollope And then, though there was no chance for Ada, Ada’s former hopes militated altogether against Edith. “He had better go away and just leave us to ourselves,” she said to herself. The Landleaguers by Anthony Trollope [1883]

R. D. Blackmore The former point might not have stopped her; but the latter would have done so without fail, for her pride was equal to her daring. Mary Anerley by R. D. Blackmore [1880]

Expectorate for Spit. The former word is frequently used, even in laws and ordinances, as a euphemism for the latter. Write it Right by Ambrose Bierce [1909]

Elizabeth Gaskell Indeed, many a little circumstance of former subjection to the will of others rose up before her during these quiet hours, as an endurance or a suffering never to occur again. Wives and Daughters by Elizabeth Gaskell [1865]

Anna Katherine Green My man, Bela —” Then with his former abruptness: “Have you no idea who this Mrs. Averill is, or why she broke into my house?” “There’s but one explanation, sir. Dark Hollow by Anna Katherine Green

Robert Louis Stevenson Some say he took his cane to her, and Jessie fell back upon her former weapons — stones. The Master of Ballantrae by Robert Louis Stevenson

John Lewis Burckhard The former was full of travellers. Travels in Syria and the Holy Land by John Lewis Burckhard

Henry James Young ladies to whom the former distinction was not conceded were free to reflect that she was “not at all liked. Roderick Hudson by Henry James [1875]

Adam Smith formerly argued, as has Mr. Bain recently, that the basis of sympathy lies in our strong retentiveness of former states of pain or pleasure. The Descent of Man by Charles Darwin

Successive political convulsions had at length fairly loosed the people of Syria from their former rules of conduct, and from all their old habits of reliance. Eothen by Alexander William Kinglake [1844]

The odd thing was that I was really beginning to feel rather seedy, a punishment for my former pretence. The Three Hostages by John Buchan [1924]

They had only to resume their former confidence in themselves and their general, and success was certain. The History of the Conquest of Mexico by William Hickling Prescott [1843]

Throughout a large part of the United States, erratic boulders and scored rocks plainly reveal a former cold period. The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin

Thomas Paine In France, under the former Government, the punishments were not less barbarous. The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine [1791]

Henry James The former of these convictions had held his mind in the morning, and it was now punctually followed by the other. The Tragic Muse by Henry James [1890]

Miles Franklin I laughed to myself, for, as on a former occasion during our acquaintance, I felt I was master of the situation. My Brilliant Career by Miles Franklin

The surgeon looked up with a start, and Reginald perceived that he wore the metal mask which he had noticed on a former occasion. Run to Earth by Mary Elizabeth Braddon [1868]

Arnold Bennett The former and the present mistress of the house kissed with the conventional signs of affection. These Twain by Arnold Bennett [1916]

Anthony Trollope But he was manly, and even at this moment remembered his former assurances. Dr. Wortle’s school by Anthony Trollope

Every section of each book was written in the idiom found to be most satisfactory to the examiners, and test questions extracted from papers set in former years were appended to every chapter. The New Machiavelli by Herbert George Wells [1911]

Algernon Blackwood It is a great pleasure always to welcome a former pupil. John Silence by Algernon Blackwood

Walter Scott If you feel yourself, as you seem to intimate, less strictly tied by former obligations, you must take your own choice in fixing our relations towards each other. Castle Dangerous by Walter Scott [1832]

Jane Austen Here it is; I would not burn it, because being even then very little satisfied with Mr Elliot, I was determined to preserve every document of former intimacy. Persuasion by Jane Austen [1818]

John Locke In our notions concerning Substances, we are liable to all the former inconveniences: v. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke [1690]

John Lewis Burckhard The plain here is broader than in any other part of the Batn el Hadjar, and bears traces of former cultivation; it is now entirely deserted, although many date trees grow here. Travels in Nubia by John Lewis Burckhard

He found the point where he had entered the darker Wood, and resolved to try to retrace his former tracks. Witch Wood by John Buchan [1927]

I felt stunned by the awful event; and my memory unavoidably recurred to former times with a sort of oppressive sadness. Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte [1847]

George MacDonald It tore over the ground with yet greater swiftness than the former — in long, level, skimming leaps, the very embodiment of wasteless speed. Lilith by George MacDonald

The sight of this man filled him with his former uneasiness. Tom Ossington’s Ghost by Richard Marsh [1898]

H. G. Wells Our former sins are seen as ignorances, inadequacies and bad habits, and the moral conflict is robbed of three-fourths of its ego-centred melodramatic quality. What are we to do with our lives? by H. G. Wells [1928]

I have heard a great deal about your former life, and the brutality with which Polyte and his mother have treated you. Monsieur Lecoq by Émile Gaboriau

Sir Walter Scott Fame asserted of this zealous retainer that he had accommodated his lord in former love intrigues; and it occurred to Wayland Smith that Leicester himself might be the party chiefly interested. Kenilworth by Sir Walter Scott [1821]

Anthony Trollope The army is stated to contain 660,000 men, but the former numbers given would probably be found to be nearer the mark:— To this must be added the cost of diet and clothing. North America by Anthony Trollope

H. G. Wells But while the property offences have diminished to the scale of one-ten-millionth of the old-world figures, these others show a reduction in the nature of single instances to former hundreds. The Shape of Things to Come by H. G. Wells [1933]

Arthur Morrison And I revoke all former wills and codicils. The Dorrington Deed-Box by Arthur Morrison

William Godwin After one year therefore spent at Bale, he resumed his former vagabond life, and, having passed through many vicissitudes, some of them of the most abject poverty, he died at the age of forty-eight. Lives of the Necromancers by William Godwin [1834]

I knocked at his cell, and when the door was opened, he exhibited the same horror as at my former intrusion, but I was not to be repelled. Melmoth the Wanderer by Charles Maturin [1820]

Before I left my old friend, she gave me the address of a respectable old-fashioned inn in the City, which, she said, my uncles used to frequent in former days. Villette by Charlotte Brontë [1853]

Alfred Ainger The former was married, and living at Nether Stowey, near Bristol, where Charles and Mary Lamb paid him apparently their first visit, during one of Charles’ short holidays in the summer of 1797. Charles Lamb by Alfred Ainger [1882]

Charles Dickens The person in attendance on these works of art was in all respects, shabbiness excepted, unlike the former personage. Somebody’s Luggage by Charles Dickens [1862]

Henry Kingsley So, since the night when Charles departed, Cuthbert had not been the Cuthbert of former times. Ravenshoe by Henry Kingsley [1861]

Convinced by this observation that Agnes had not abandoned our plan, I returned with a light heart to my former station. The Monk by Matthew Lewis [1796]

Then a long conversation ensued between solicitor and client, with the former making many notes. His Prey was Man by Arthur Gask [1942]

Wilkie Collins I can, at any time, make the disclosure to Romayne which informs him that his wife had been Winterfield’s guest in Devonshire, when she affected to meet her former host on the footing of a stranger. The Black Robe by Wilkie Collins [1881]

He was pursued from place to place by his enemies, abandoned by all his former friends, and, finally, by his own children. Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds by Charles Mackay [1852]

Henry Handel Richardson And this led to a rather heated argument, in which she found herself siding with MacNab against Papa; for in all the former said there was a good deal of rough horse-sense. Sister Ann by Henry Handel Richardson

Gaston Leroux Then he continued, but, as he spoke, he was overcome by all his former emotion and began to tremble like a leaf: “Yes, she was waiting for me . The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux [1910]

The former had no doubt finished his questions, for a moment later he said good-night and carelessly followed the same path taken by the first cavalier. Twenty Years After by Alexandre Dumas [1845]

In this case the gradual acquirement at an earlier and earlier age of the adult structure would be favoured by natural selection; and all traces of former metamorphoses would finally be lost. The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin

Arthur Conan Doyle The former cost twenty-two thousand pounds, and the latter seventeen thousand. The Firm of Girdlestone by Arthur Conan Doyle [1890]

George Gissing Her walking-dress showed something of the influence of Miss Bonnicastle; it was more picturesque, more likely to draw the eye, than her costume of former days. The Crown of Life by George Gissing [1899]

Anne Bronte Perhaps my former answer had implied too much: he had heard my voice falter, and might have seen me brush away a tear. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall by Anne Bronte [1848]

Marjorie Bowen A smile lay, like a ghost of former happiness, on Selina’s face; she seemed to see nothing, to hear nothing; her soul was listening to distant music, and treading different ways. The Rake’s Progress by Marjorie Bowen [1912]

H.P. Lovecraft He had, he said, noticed me several times at my wanderings; and inferred that I resembled him in loving the vestiges of former years. He by H.P. Lovecraft [1925]

H. G. Wells The city crowds, in spite of the more and more abundant uniforms (until 1950), lost nearly all their former brightness and élan. The Shape of Things to Come by H. G. Wells [1933]

George Meredith Fairies of a malignant humour in former days used to punish the unhappiest of the naughty men who were not favourites, by suddenly planting a hump on their backs. The Amazing Marriage by George Meredith [1895]

Just then a new light broke in on my defeat at Sorombo, for with Makinga I recognised one of my former porters, who I had supposed was a “child” of the Pig’s. The Discovery of the Source of the Nile by John Hanning Speke [1863]

Both Edgerton and Ramon had plenty of courage, but the former was dead against all forms of violence. The Man of Death by Arthur Gask [1945]

John Stuart Mill Human beings owe to each other help to distinguish the better from the worse, and encouragement to choose the former and avoid the latter. On Liberty by John Stuart Mill [1859]

Jules Verne A leur pied, on distinguait les pierres à demi rongées d’un puits; mais ces pierres, effritées sous les ardeurs du soleil, semblaient ne former qu’une impalpable poussière. Cinq Semaines En Ballon by Jules Verne [1863]

Joseph Furphy The former is the early bird; the latter is the early worm. Such is Life by Joseph Furphy

Walter Scott He was accordingly received by his old acquaintances at Middlemas rather with the respect due to his supposed wealth, than in a manner corresponding with his former humble pretensions. The Surgeon’s Daughter by Walter Scott [1827]

Arthur Conan Doyle Amusement and chagrin seemed to be struggling for the mastery, until the former suddenly carried the day, and he burst into a hearty laugh. A Study in Scarlet by Arthur Conan Doyle [1887]

Charles Dickens He now left it lying before the captain, over whose shoulder he had been reading it, and dropping into his former seat, leaned forward on the table and laid his face in his hands. A Message from the Sea by Charles Dickens [1860]

Elizabeth Gaskell One day the minister brought her a set of blue ribbons, reminding her with a tender smile of a former conversation in which she had owned to a love of such feminine vanities. Cousin Phillis by Elizabeth Gaskell [1864]

Wilkie Collins I asked, at a venture, if she had heard anything more, while I had been away of the extraordinary person who had so seriously alarmed her on a former occasion. The Law and the Lady by Wilkie Collins [1875]